Chavannes, Etienne (Haitian, 1939-2018)



Etienne Chavannes was born in July 15th, 1939 in Cap-Haitien, second biggest city of the Republic of Haiti. As the eldest of eight children, he attended Marius Levy Secondary School for four years then Oswald Durand College High school. He thus acquired a perfect education in two modest schools of the city.

After a short stay in Port-au-Prince, he returned to the Cap-Haitien in 1964 to help with his father’s business, then becoming speculator, importer and exporter. Three years later, he left the trade to work for the SNEM (National Service for the Eradication of Malaria) in Petit-Goave – located in the Western Department 68 km south of Port-au-Prince. It is not before 1970 that he returned to the Cap-Haitien. There, he was attracted by the beauty of the city, which led him to indulge his youthful passion for painting.

Etienne Chavannes was self-taught and it took him so much passion and work to master his art. In early 1971, the art critic, gallery owner and famous painter Nehemy JEAN became Chavannes’ main mentor.

The representation of the crowd is the recurring feature in Etienne Chavannes’ descriptive paintings. Which is in the line with the artists from the School of Cap. The crowd always take over scenes of everyday life in Cap-Haitien (parish feasts, weddings, funerals, events, carnivals, sporting events, etc.). Etienne Chavannes offers a vision of his city through his own eyes, i.e. in active and incessant movements. He draws his subjects from his experience in Petit-Goave. He has also painted historical episodes from the Foundation of Haiti to the Duvalier era.

In 1973, he joined Le Centre d’Art of Port-au-Prince. According to Etienne Chavannes, the historical exhibition of Haitian art at the Brooklyn Museum in New York in 1978 marks his first success.

Etienne Chavannes is part of the 3e generation of Haitian painters and takes pride in. his 40 year-old career.

— Submitted by Le Centre d'Art d'Haïti

Chavannes is immediately identifiable as a Cap Haitian Artist but at the same time his work is highly individualistic. " I don't paint things as I see them with my eyes, but as I see them with my mind", he says.


Reve de Tous, n.d.
Reve de Tous, n.d.
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Le Centre dArt
Return of Aristide to the National Palace, 1994
Return of Aristide to the National Palace, 1994
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Selden Rodman Gallery at Ramapo College
La Vie a la Campagne System la Cour, n.d.
La Vie a la Campagne System la Cour, n.d.
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Anne Kennedy Heirs Collection
Offrande à maman jumaux, n.d.
Offrande à maman jumaux, n.d.
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Le Centre dArt
Bois Caiman, n.d.
Bois Caiman, n.d.
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Le Centre dArt
La Maison du Diable (The Devil's House), 1975
La Maison du Diable (The Devil's House), 1975
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Island On Fire: Jonathan Demme
El Vace
El Vace
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Beverly and John Fox Sullivan